Tim Otter


Vice President, Life Sciences


Sc.B. with Honors, Aquatic Biology, Brown University
Ph.D., Cell Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


2001 - 2008:


Buchanan Professor of Biology, Albertson College of Idaho

1998 - 2001:


Director, Whittenberger Writing Project for Teachers

1993 - 2001:


Associate Professor, Biology Department, Albertson College of Idaho

1986 - 1993:


Assistant Professor, Dept. of Zoology, University of Vermont

1983 - 1986:


Senior Research Associate, Worcester Foundation

1981 - 1983:


Research Associate, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Primary areas of research interest and expertise: cell signaling; cytoskeleton and cell movement; Ca2+ binding proteins and Ca2+ as an intracellular messenger; electrophoretic techniques; environmental physiology; technical, scientific, and natural history writing


Andersen, T., R. Newman, and T. Otter (2009). Shape Homeostasis in Virtual Embryos. Artificial Life, Spring 2009, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 161-183.

Andersen, T., R. Newman, and T. Otter (2006). Development of virtual embryos with emergent self-repair. Technical Report FS-06-03, Proceedings of the AAAI Fall 2006 Symposium on Developmental Systems (Arlington, VA), pp. 16-23.

Andersen, T., T. Otter, C. Petschulat, U. Eoff, T. Menten, R. Davis, and B. Crowley (2005) A biologically-derived approach to tissue modeling. (MMVR 13 - Long Beach, CA) IOS Press, Amsterdam (J Westwood et al, eds.) Studies in Technology and Informatics 111:15-21.

Otter, T. and R. Davis (2004) Gene and body: building and maintaining the phenotype of living organisms . 9th International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Artificial Life, Workshop on self-organization and development, pp. 1-4.

Otter, T. (2004) Toward a new theoretical framework for biology . GECCO 2004 Workshop on self-organization in evolutionary algorithms (SOE): pp. 1-9.

Otter, T. (2003) Ladybug Hill. Whole Terrain 12: 25-27.

Otter, T. (1995) Analysis of flagellar Ca2+binding proteins. Methods in Cell Biology 47:113-119.

Otter, T. and E. Hatch (1991) Calcium-control of flagellar motility in scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) sperm. Bull. Mt. Desert Island Biol. Lab. 30: 80-82.

Otter, T. (1989) Calmodulin and the control of flagellar motility. In Cell Movement, Vol.1, The Dynein ATPases (F.D. Warner, P Satir, & I.R. Gibbons, eds), AR Liss, NY, pp. 281-298.

Otter, T., S.M. King and G.B. Witman (1987) A two-step procedure for efficient electrotransfer of both high Mr (>400,000) and low Mr (>20,000) proteins. Analytical Biochem. 162: 370-377.

King, S.M., T. Otter and G.B. Witman (1986) Purification and characterization of Chlamydomonas flagellar dyneins. Methods Enzymol. 134: 291-306.

Otter, T. and E.D. Salmon (1985) Pressure-induced changes in Ca2+-channel excitability in Paramecium. J. Exp. Biol. 117: 29-43.

King, S.M., T. Otter and G.B. Witman (1985) Characterization of monoclonal antibodies against Chlamydomonas flagellar dyneins by high-resolution protein blotting. PNAS USA 82:4717-4721.

Otter, T., B.H. Satir and P. Satir (1984) Trifluoperazine-induced changes in swimming behavior of Paramecium: evidence for two sites of drug action. Cell Motility 4: 249-267.

Pratt, M.M., T. Otter and E.D. Salmon (1980) Dynein-like Mg-ATPase in mitotic spindles isolated from sea urchin embryos (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis). J. Cell Biol. 86: 738-745.

Otter, T. and E.D. Salmon (1979) Hydrostatic pressure reversibly blocks membrane control of ciliary motility in Paramecium. Science 206: 358-361.

Prusch, R and T. Otter (1977) Annelid transepithelial ion transport. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 57A:87-92.

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